Laws are not the only mechanism for dealing with Terrorism. The focus on legal tools without additional contextual structures is unlikely to address the realities found in communities. They are usually dependent on either the state or international development partners and organisations. Complexities associated with definitions for Terrorism and Terrorist Organisations also makes working on the subject difficult. The brief contributes to the understanding of what works and what does not in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism (P/CVE) programming. It provides observations on progress in the implementation of the NSCVE and County Action Plans (CAPs) and identifies gaps and opportunities for policy review and development. The policy brief suggests recommendations to be considered, emerging from the findings and observations. It is intended for use by any stakeholders (government, donors, civil society) interested in improving P/CVE.