Isiolo CVE Index Report Cover

Isiolo CVE Index 2018

Reports

September 09, 2019

Research overview

Scofield Associates has created a CVE index for measuring the dynamic Kenyan context and the impact of efforts on Violent Extremism and Terrorism. The CVE index is intended to work as a monitoring and evaluation tool to assist relevant stakeholders to be able to measure progress and thus effectively prioritizes CVE activities in the country. This product should complement the work done by the National Counter Terrorism Centre and contribute to the progress on the County Action Plans. This index was piloted in Isiolo county in 2018 with support from the USAID funded Kenya NiWajibu Wetu (NIWETU). The findings from the pilot project are detailed in the Isiolo CVE-Index Report.

Findings

  1. The index provides a tool to understand and track change in the occurrence of violent extremism and terrorism in Kenya by looking at three key dimensions- the radicalization dimension, the resilience dimension and the cost of action dimension. Each of the three dimensions is measured using proxy indicators that are determined through prior consultation with individuals living and working in the region where the tool will be used. The radicalization indicators include;
    1. Vulnerability indicators, 
    2. Relational Activity indicators and,
    3. Ramification Indicators. 
  2. The term ‘resilience’ refers to the ability to cope successfully in the face of extreme adversity or risk. It refers to common strategies that communities adapt to mitigate activities that make them vulnerable to violent extremism. The processes of becoming a resilient community involve inherently reducing the potential vulnerabilities or risk factors. The creation of a resilience index has put into consideration three essential dimensions which include;
    1. Social capital indicators, 
    2. Social Bonding Indicators/bridging
    3. Social linking indicators.

Recomendations

  1. Measuring the impact of CVE efforts in Kenya is an essential element of understanding the progress being made by both the government and the various stakeholders. In order to make credible decisions on which strategies to implement to eliminate violent extremism and terrorism in a region, decision-makers need to be guided by data and research on the progress of CVE activities. Tracking the changes will help assess the effectiveness of policies and suggest alternatives where necessary.  
  2.  The index is meant to measure the influence of CVE efforts in a region, it cannot rely on the number terrorist attacks due to the infrequency of attacks in some regions despite high recruitment levels. The tool, therefore, uses different indicators depending on the context within which it measures change. 
  3. Though the findings are an outcome of a representative sample, the perception data is not entirely conclusive due to the complexities associated with violent extremism. However, the methodology allows for categorization and inclusion of other emerging issues that could affect a community’s resilience against terrorism and violent extremism. 
  4. The cost of action information is based on secondary data from government agencies and development partners. The index may change with the inclusion of additional indicators and data from these secondary sources.